Every dog’s vaccine protocol is structured based on their individual lifestyle and risk exposure. In Oakville, dogs are exposed to diseases associated with exposure to other dogs in an urban setting but also disease carried by wildlife. We recommend four core vaccinations for your dog, Rabies, Distemper combination, Kennel Cough vaccine and Leptospirosis. Currently, vaccination against Lyme Disease is not a core vaccine, but is recommended dogs with increased tick exposure.


Distemper, Hepatitis and Parvovirus
This combo vaccine vaccinates against a combination of potentially fatal viruses which affect the gastrointestinal, neurological and respiratory systems.
Canine distemper is a highly contagious and often fatal viral disease that affects the respiratory, gastrointestinal and central nervous systems. Our resident wildlife in Oakville, especially those cute little raccoons are carriers of distemper.
Canine Hepatitis primarily affects the liver, it is extremely contagious and often fatal. Pets that recover become carriers of the virus and can infect other dogs.
Parvovirus is one of the most serious and common of canine infectious diseases. It is extremely contagious and outbreaks. This virus causes severe gastrointestinal disease which can lead to dehydration and collapse. Puppies and older dogs are most at risk of these diseases but unvaccinated dogs of all ages are at risk.

Rabies is a fatal viral disease that affects the nervous system that can affect humans but also your dog. In Canada, the animals that most often transmit rabies are bats, skunks and foxes. There have been over 100 confirmed cases in Ontario. Up to date Rabies vaccination in pet dogs is also a legal requirement.
Leptospirosis is a bacterial disease shed in the urine of wildlife such as raccoons, skunks, beavers and rodents, which can cause fatal kidney and liver failure. It is also a disease that can be spread from dogs to humans. It is very difficult to prevent exposure to Leptospirosis, every dog that ventures outdoors is at risk. Vaccination is an affordable and effective way to protect your dog from a disease that can be very difficult and costly to treat.

Leptospirosis Information Sheet

This is a highly contagious upper-respiratory infection, commonly known as “kennel cough” caused by several highly contagious viruses, such as Parainfluenza and a bacteria called Bordatella. Dogs that visit dog parks, boarding kennels, groomers, shows or interact with other dogs should be vaccinated.


Ontario is considered an ‘endemic’ (regularly found) area, as is the U.S indicating dogs may be exposed to ticks carrying Lyme disease. If your puppy will be vacationing at cottages and along waterways, running through tall grass, exploring ravines or wooded areas and travelling to the U.S we recommend vaccination.